starr-040410-0104

Rare Wailea 670 Plants part of Settlement

Rare Wailea 670 Plants part of Landmark Legal Settlement Protection under Endangered Species Act

Over 70 native Hawaiian species will get EPA staff review and decision-making over next two years.

On July 12, 2011, the Center for Biological Diversity struck a historic legal settlement with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, requiring the agency to make initial or final decisions on whether to add hundreds of imperiled plants and animals to the endangered species by 2018.

The agreement caps a decade-long effort by the Center’s scientists, attorneys and activists to safeguard 1,000 of America’s most imperiled, least protected species including well known species like the walrus and wolverine and unique Hawaiian species like the i’iwi (scarlet Hawaiian honeycreeper), Hawaiian Stormy Petrel and Black-footed albatross. In all, around 70 Hawaiian species are covered by the agreement including rare native invertebrates, insects and plants such as the ‘awikiwiki plants found in the lava flows of Wailea 670.

For the full article and links go to http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/biodiversity/species_agreement/index.html.

The prized native ‘awikiwiki, a flowering vine whose blooms were once plentiful enough to use for the Mauna Loa lei, was first proposed for listing as a threatened species in 1993. On Maui, it has only a handful of known wild populations, one of which is the lava flows of Palauea ahupua’a, currently proposed as a golf course and luxury homes for Wailea 670.Under the new agreement, the status of the awikiwiki will be determined within the next two years.

A decade ago, ‘Awikiwiki was recorded in the 22 acre Palauea Cultural Preserve, created as a condition of rezoning One Palauea bay luxury development. The species appears to have disappeared from that area in the succeeding years, since the preserve has had no management. A Wailea 670 rezoning condition allows for a 130 acre preserve to allow for more genetic diversity for the ‘awikiwiki and other rare flora and fauna, however, the landowners have consistently offered only 23 acres of protected preserve. Save Makena and allies are committed to seeing the 130 acre preserve established. For more information on the native plants of Wailea 670 go to:

http://dynamics.org/Wailea670/Wailea670.html

Hawaii 70 species

A’e
Aiea
Ala’ala’wai’nui’
Alani (Melicope christophersenii)
Alani (Melicope hiiakae)
Alani (Melicope makahae)
Anchialine pool shrimp (Metabetaeus lohena)
Anchialine pool shrimp (Palaemonella burnsi)
Anchialine pool shrimp (Procaris hawaiana)
Anchialine pool shrimp (Vetericaris chaceorum)
‘Anunu
Awikiwiki
Band-rumped storm petrel, Hawaii population
Blackline megalagrion damselfly
Bracted phyllostegia
Christella boydiae
Crimson Hawaiian damselfly
‘Ena’ena
Haha (Cyanea asplenifolia)
Haha (Cyanea calycina)
Haha (Cyanea kunthiana)
Haha (Cyanea lanceolata)
Haha (Cyanea obtusa)
Haha (Cyanea tritomantha)
Ha’iwale (Cyrtandra filipes)
Ha’iwale (Cyrtandra kaulantha)
Ha’iwale (Cyrtandra oxybapha)
Ha’iwale (Cyrtandra sessilis)
Hala pepe (Pleomele fernaldii)
Hala pepe (Pleomele forbesii)
Hawaiian fescue
Holei
Hulumoa
Kampuaa’a
Kaulu
Kolea (Myrsine fosbergii)
Kolea (Myrsine vaccinioides)
Ko’oko’olau (Bidens amplectens)
Ko’oko’olau (Bidens campylotheca ssp. paihoiensis)
Ko’oko’olau (Bidens campylotheca ssp. pentamera)
Ko’oko’olau (Bidens conjuncta)
Ko’oko’olau (Bidens micrantha ssp. ctenophylla)
Kopiko
Lanai tree snail (Partulina semicarinata)
Lanai tree snail (Partulina variabilis)
Makou (Ranunculus hawaiensis)
Makou (Ranunculus mauiensis)
Many-flowered phyllostegia
Ma’oli’oli (Schiedea pubescens)
Ma’oli’oli (Schiedea salicaria)
Nanu
Newcomb’s tree snail
Nohoanu (Geranium hanaense)
Nohoanu (Geranium hillebrandii)
Oceanic Hawaiian damselfly
Ohe
Orangeblack Hawaiian megalagrion damselfly
Platydesma cornuta var. cornuta
Platydesma cornuta var. decurrens
Pomace fly
Popolo
Reedgrass (Calamagrostis expansa)
Reedgrass (Calamagrostis hillebrandii)
Remy pilokea
Scarlet Hawaiian honeycreeper
Stenogyne cranwelliae
Takeuch’s lip fern
Wawae ‘iole (Microlepia strigosa var. mauiensis)
Wawae ‘iole (Phlegmariurus stemmermanniae)
Wekiu bug